ISS 2017 Program


Pre-Symposium Workshop dot Symposium Day 1 dot Symposium Day 2 dot Symposium Day 3

PC05: Empowering Individuals To Ensure Safe Wheelchair Transportation

Individuals who use wheelchairs face challenges in accessing safe transportation in private and public vehicles. Challenges to safe transportation include: a lack of knowledge, skills and training; poor access to equipment; improper securement of equipment; a lack of access to resources and funding; and time. Attitudes and perceptions can also limit safe transportation. Subsequently, uninformed choices and misuse place individuals who ride in wheelchairs at an increased risk for injury. Development of a comprehensive program to help teach and empower individuals, families, care providers, health care personnel, and community professionals about safe transportation should be developed and facilitated by rehabilitation professionals. This would include physical therapists, occupational therapists, and assistive technology providers who help monitor and maintain wheelchairs. Safe transportation is accomplished by completing team assessments and by providing extensive initial and ongoing training to ensure that wheelchairs are well maintained and are being secured safely.

This interactive session will guide participants in acquiring knowledge and skills needed to facilitate safe transportation for individuals seated in wheelchairs. Participants will learn about state and federal laws,voluntary rules, regulations and guidelines, and industry standards that influence decision making. Through demonstration and hands-on opportunities, they will explore wheelchair design features, accessories, and securement methods, as well as vehicle options, that may inhibit or may improve positioning and safety during transportation. The presenter will lead the investigation of current research on crash testing and crash forces, including observation of crash test videos. Participants will also examine research that helps to identify inhibitors and potential facilitators of safe transportation, and discuss research that has guided innovation and design changes. Case studies will provide the opportunity to analyze barriers and solutions, to identify potential funding sources and community resources, and to learn how to develop educational plans. These comprehensive plans will focus on empowering strategies that will allow individuals to take an active role in their own transportation.


Learning Objectives:



Danielle Morris, PT, DPT, PCS, C/NDT,CPST
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
United States

Dr. Danielle Morris is a senior pediatric physical therapist in Baton Rouge, Louisiana with over 23 years of experience. She is a Pediatric Certified Specialist and a certified Child Passenger Safety Technician. Danielle serves as the Louisiana Child Passenger Safety Task Force-Co-Coordinator for providing safe transportation for children with special health care needs, including those who travel in wheelchairs. She is also an executive board member of the Louisiana Physical Therapy Association.



    1. Buning, M. E., Bertocci, G., Schneider, L. W., Manary, M., Karg, P., Brown, D., & Johnson, S. (2012). RESNA's Position on Wheelchairs Used as Seats in Motor Vehicles. Assistive Technology, 24(2), 132-141.
    2. Brinkey, L., Savoie, C., Hurvitz, E. A., & Flannagan, C. (2009). Patients' and Health Care Providers' Knowledge of Wheelchair Transportation Issues. Assistive Technology, 21(1), 35-46.
    3. Fuhrman, S. I., Karg, P., & Bertocci, G. (2010). Characterization of pediatric wheelchair kinematics and wheelchair tiedown and occupant restraint system loading during rear impact. Medical Engineering & Physics, 32(3), 280-286.
    4. Schneider, L. W., Klinich, K. D., Moore, J. L., & Macwilliams, J. B. (2010). Using in-depth investigations to identify transportation safety issues for wheelchair-seated occupants of motor vehicles. Medical Engineering & Physics, 32(3), 237-247.
    5. Yonkman, J., O'neil, J., Talty, J., & Bull, M. J. (2010). Transporting Children in Wheelchairs in Passenger Vehicles: A Comparison of Best Practice to Observed and Reported Practice in a Pilot Sample. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64(5), 804-808.
    6. Schneider, L. W., Manary, M. A., Hobson, D. A., & Bertocci, G. E. (2008). Transportation Safety Standards for Wheelchair Users: A Review of Voluntary Standards for Improved Safety, United Statesbility, and Independence of Wheelchair-Seated Travelers. Assistive Technology, 20(4), 222-233.

Pre-Symposium Workshop dot Symposium Day 1 dot Symposium Day 2 dot Symposium Day 3


Updated | 11.08.2016      Facebook logo  Twitter
Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional