ISS 2017 Program


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PC01: Go Baby Go: An Innovative Method to Provide Mobility for Children

Independent mobility is an important milestone in a child's life and can pave the way towards overall independence in growth and development of spatial cognition, emotional skills, and self-awareness, (Kuntzler, 2013, p. 49; Teft, Guerette, and Furumasu, 2007, p.665). In non-ambulatory children this often presents a challenge as they are limited in the exploration of their environment. The effects of restricted mobility during early childhood have been shown to lead to a pattern of apathetic behavior, specifically a lack of curiosity and initiative (Butler, 1986, p.325). For children with severe motor impairments who are not learning to walk at the same age as peers, power mobility affords opportunities to engage in more independent exploration of their environment and provides them with opportunities to express cognitive as well as social and adaptive abilities (Hansen, 2008, p. 1).

The purpose of this 8 hour pre-conference session is to present the theoretical portion of the workshop in the morning and hands- on portion in the afternoon. During the morning sessions, the presenters will: Demonstrate how the current evidence on early pediatric mobility may influence current practice and contribute to the greater understanding of how this may shape the development of a child; introduce the Go Baby Go concept; and present results from their study using the go baby go concept as an intervention.
In the afternoon, it will be a hands-on. Attendees will be divided into smaller groups and will learn how to modify a ride-on toy car for a child. Directions and materials will be provided to the attendees.

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this session, attendees will be able to;



Ana Allegretti, PhD, OTR, ATP
University of Texas Health Sciences San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas
United States

Dr. Ana Allegretti is an occupational therapist, currently working as an assistant professor at the University of Texas Health Sciences in San Antonio. Currently Dr. Allegretti is working in research projects related to assistive technology and patient satisfaction. Dr. Allegretti is a member of AOTA, TOTA and RESNA. She has an Assistive Technology Professional credential and has presented in several national and international conferences.

Cole Galloway, PT, PhD
Newark, Delaware
United States

Professor of Physical Therapy
Founder, Go Baby Go
Dept of Physical Therapy
University of Delaware
Lab focuses on technology and training that provide opportunities for individuals to co create their life through mobility.

Teresa Plummer, PhD, OTR/L, CAPS, CEAS, ATP

Melissa Bryan, OTD, OTR/L, ATP, CPST, CPAM

Andrina Sabet, PT, ATP



    1. Butler, C. (1986). Effects of powered mobility to self-initiated behaviors of very young children with locomotor disability. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 28: 325 - 332.
    2. Gustafson, G. E. (1984). Effects of the ability to locomote on infants' social and exploratory behaviors: An experimental study. Developmental Psychology, 20(3), 397-405.
    3. Hansen, L. (2008). Evidence and Outcomes for Power Mobility Intervention with Young Children.
    4. CASEMakers, 4(1), 1-5. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from
    5. Huang, H-H., & Galloway, J. (2012). Modified cars for early power mobility. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 24, 149-154.
    6. Kuntzler, P. M. (2013). Independent Mobility is Key to Overall Child Development. EP Magazine, 49-51.
    7. Tefft, D., Guerette, P., & Furumasu, J. (2007). Cognitive predictors of young children's readiness for powered mobility. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 41(10), 665-670.
    8. Tefft, D., Guetette, P., & Furumasu, J. (2011). The impact of early powered mobility on parental stress, negative emotions and family social interactions. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 31(1), 4-15.
    9. Welsh, M., & Bailey, J. (2010). White Paper on: Potential and possibilities: Model for providing children with disabilities access to benefits of play experiences. Retrieved from:

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