ISS 2017 Program


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PS8.2: RCT on Wheeled Mobility for Pressure Injury Prevention

Pressure injuries (ulcers) are a significant healthcare problem for nursing home residents. A randomized clinical trial (RCT) on the efficacy of skin protection cushions showed that these cushions used with an individually-configured wheelchair significantly reduced pressure injuries. The study led to the question of whether the wheelchair alone has an effect. This session will present the results of an RCT on the effect of individually-configured, lightweight manual wheelchairs on pressure injury and functional outcomes.


Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this session, attendees will be able to;



David M Brienza, PhD
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
United States

David Brienza, PhD, is a Professor of Rehabilitation Science and Technology at Pitt and Associate Dean for Research in SHRS. He has served as the Director of the RERC on Wheeled Mobility, Director of the RERC on Telerehabilitation and Director of the RERC on Spinal Cord Injury. His work ranges from technology development in the seating and mobility, to investigations on physiological responses to mechanical and heat loading, to clinical effectiveness research with large-scale RCTs.



    1. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (2013). Nursing home data compendium 2013 edition. Retrieved from Baltimore, MD.
    2. Brienza, D., Kelsey, S., Karg, P., Allegretti, A., Olson, M., Schmeler, M., Zanca, J., Geyer, M., Kusturiss, M., & Holm, M. (2010). A randomized clinical trial on preventing pressure ulcers with wheelchair seat cushions. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58(12), 2308-2314.
    3. Mills, T. L., Holm, M. B., & Schmeler, M. (2007). Test-retest reliability and cross validation of the functioning everyday with a wheelchair instrument. Assistive Technology, 19(2), 61-77.

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Updated | 11.22.2016      Facebook logo  Twitter
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