ISS 2017 Program


Pre-Symposium Workshop dot Symposium Day 1 dot Symposium Day 2 dot Symposium Day 3

PS6.4: Factors Affecting Seating Prescription: An Evaluation of Watercell® Technology in Complex Static Chairs

This paper will highlight important factors practitioners should consider when prescribing seating for people who sit for extended periods of time (comfort, pressure redistribution, aesthetics, function, posture, occupation, support and end user collaboration). These factors are based upon a mixed methods study that evaluated the pressure redistributing effects of WaterCell® technology in specialist seating. Average and peak pressures were then compared to self-reported discomfort scores, physiological observations, and semi structured interviews of twelve participants (five male, seven female).


Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this session, attendees will be able to;



Carol Bartley, Msc DipCOT PgCERT Pg CAP FHEA
University of Salford
Salford, Greater MAnchester
United Kingdom

Carol Bartley is a lecturer in occupational therapy at the University of Salford UK. Her background is in assessment and prescription of seating for people with complex postural needs. She has completed an MSc in Applied Ergonomics and for her dissertation compared the pressure redistributing properties of four commercially available wheelchair seat cushions and comfort. Her research interests include; appropriate assessment, procurement of seating and end user collaboration in both design and evaluation of seating.

Melanie Stephens, MA Pg Cert BSc DipN RN
University of Salford
Salford, Greater Manchester
United Kingdom

Melanie Stephens is a Senior Lecturer in Adult Nursing at the University of Salford, England. Before entering academia she was a Tissue Viability nurse in a large teaching hospital in England where she developed a keen interest in the prevention and management of pressure ulcers. During her time in higher education Melanie has been involved in many research projects, both educational and clinical, and has an interest in user involvement in tissue viability product design.



    1. Crane, B.A., Holm, M.B., Hobson, D., Cooper, R.A., & Reed, M.P. (2007). Responsiveness of the TAWC tool for assessing wheelchair discomfort, Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 2(2), 97-103.
    2. Burnard, P. (1991). A method of analysing interview transcripts in qualitative research. Nurse Education Today, 11(6).
    3. Kim, W.-J., & Chang, M. (2013). A Comparison of the Average Sitting Pressures and Symmetry Indexes between Air-adjustable and Foam Cushions. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 25(9), 1185-1187.

Pre-Symposium Workshop dot Symposium Day 1 dot Symposium Day 2 dot Symposium Day 3


Updated | 02.02.2017      Facebook logo  Twitter
Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional