ISS 2017 Program


Pre-Symposium Workshop dot Symposium Day 1 dot Symposium Day 2 dot Symposium Day 3

IC55: Adaptive Bathroom Equipment for Adults

Bathing and toiling are vital mobility-related activities of daily living but are often not addressed in seating and mobility clinics due to: lack of funding; an assumption that funding will not be available; the inability of the wheelchair clinic therapist clinician to visit the home; a lack of communication and/or coordination with home visiting therapists. This presentation is intended to educate clinicians and suppliers on how to allow clients to access their bathroom through the application of various shower, bath, and commode chairs, as well as how to maximize postural support, skin protection, and positioning during these MRADLs.


Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this session, attendees will be able to;



Elaina M Halkiotis, MOT, OTR/L, ATP
Independence Care System
Brooklyn, New York
United States

Elaina Halkiotis, MOT, OTR/L, ATP, is a graduate of the Masters degree program at University of the Sciences in Philadelphia.  She is a Clinical Specialist at Independence Care System in New York City providing seating and mobility interventions for adults with physical disabilities and chronic conditions.  Elaina is an adjunct professor at New York University.  Elaina has previously presented at the International Seating Symposium and the European Seating Symposium.



    1. Dicianno, B. E., Lieberman, J., Schmeler, M. R., Souza, A. E., Cooper, R., Lange, M., . . . Jan, Y. (2015). Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America’s Position on the Application of Tilt, Recline, and Elevating Legrests for Wheelchairs Literature Update. Assistive Technology, 27(3), 193-198.
    2. Chan, A., & Heck, C. S. (1999). The Effects of Tilting the Seating Position of a Wheelchair on Respiration, Posture, Fatigue, Voice Volume and Exertion Outcomes in Individuals With Advanced Multiple Sclerosis. J Rehab Outcomes Meas, 3(4), 1-14.
    3. European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel and National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel. (2009). Prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers: Quick reference guide. Washington DC: National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel.

Pre-Symposium Workshop dot Symposium Day 1 dot Symposium Day 2 dot Symposium Day 3


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